Cannabinoids are a group of compounds that are found in the Cannabis sativa plant. All of the compounds have been found to have different health benefits ranging from possible anti-inflammation properties to assisting with anxiety relief. THCA and CBDA, also known as THC and CBD, are usually the most abundant cannabinoids found in cannabis and are the most well-known.

There are many reasons to take CBD. If you struggle with anxiety, sleep, mood changes, arthritis pain, menstrual cramps, muscle and joint pain, nausea, depression, PTSD, or addiction, you may consider taking CBD as an alternative to prescription drugs. Although it’s not a cure for any of the symptoms listed above, it may play a key role in promoting better health.

Taking CBD has been known to help to stimulate your endocannabinoid system (ECS). This may promote stabilization of the body while reducing the sensation of pain, easing anxiety, fighting inflammation, and promoting a healthier sleep pattern. 

The Endocannabinoid System (ECS) is a molecular system in the human body that balances the body’s processes. It helps the immune response, appetite, memory, and also helps cells communicate with each other. Cannabinoids have been shown to interact with the ECS system to provide different physical and psychological benefits.

Terpenes are a diverse group of compounds found in many plants including cannabis. They are unique to the plant in which they are derived. Some terpenes may help promote relaxation while others may assist with stress relief, pain management, or inflammation.

There are four different types of CBD: Full Spectrum Extract, Full Spectrum Oil, Broad Spectrum Oil, and CBD Isolate. All have slightly different CBD percentages, and depending on the color, smell, and potency needed, some may be preferred over others for specific products. The type of CBD is determined by how its extracted from the hemp plant.

Full Spectrum Extract: Once the cannabis plant is harvested, it goes through a process to extract CBD from the leaves, roots, and buds. Our CBD providers use a CO2 extraction method that uses pressurized carbon dioxide to pull out the desired compounds from the plant. Full spectrum extract CBD, also referred to as crude, is what you get the first time you extract. Although the concentration of CBD is usually the lowest in full spectrum extract form (around 65%), the amounts of other compounds and terpenes are higher. 

Full Spectrum Oil: This oil is the result of a secondary CO2 extraction method that removes most of the THC found in cannabis leaving only 0.3%, which is under the legal limit. The concentration of CBD is usually around 80%. Full spectrum CBD oil is ideal for oils, edibles, and skin care as it creates an entourage effect, meaning that by combining cannabis compounds, it creates a stronger impact than a single compound would on its own.

Broad Spectrum Oil: After going through an additional CO2 extraction method, the product becomes completely THC free. The concentration of CBD in broad spectrum oil is high (around 85%) while other compounds and terpenes are very minimal.

CBD Isolate: CBD isolate is produced with a different extraction process than the rest. The extracted oil goes through a winterization process that removes any waxes, compounds and terpenes. The finished product comes out in powder form and is usually around 99.8% CBD, making CBD isolate completely THC free with no remaining compounds or terpenes found. CBD Isolate is ideal for gum, mints, gummies, and pet products.

There are a lot of different plant terms used concerning CBD, and it can be extremely difficult trying to keep them all straight. Although the words ‘hemp,’ ‘cannabis,’ and ‘marijuana’ are often used interchangeably in CBD literature, they are slightly different from one another. Hemp and marijuana are different varieties of Cannabis sativa and vary in THC concentration. Hemp does not contain more than 0.3% THC while marijuana can contain up to 40% THC.

CBD does not have psychoactive effects. When hemp is harvested properly, it will contain less than 0.31% THC. To receive psychoactive effects, one would have to ingest marijuana, which is a different species of Cannabis sativa. Marijuana, unlike hemp, contains a significantly higher percentage of THC.

Because everyone processes supplements, vitamins, even proteins differently, CBD dosages will vary depending on the individual, and may vary depending on what issue(s) are being addressed. More studies are still needed to determine other factors associated with recommended dosages, such as age, weight, and gender, to get more concrete data, so for now, users can play with potency and different CBD types to figure out what works best for them. That’s why Zelm Labs offers a variety of products in different potencies to help you select the best product for your needs.